Commercially known as synthetic cannabis (synthetic marijuana), or technically synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists, is any drug that mimics the effects of cannabis sprayed onto a herbal base material. There are several psychoactive artificial cannabinoid families (e.g. AM-xxx, HU-xxx, JWH-xxx, CP xx) that are used as designer drugs sprayed on herbs and sold as natural highs under brand names like K2 and Spice, both of which are genericized trademarks used for any synthetic cannabis product. Synthetic cannabis is often termed spice product.
When synthetic cannabis blends first went on sale in the early 2000s, it was thought that they achieved an effect through a mixture of natural herbs. Laboratory analysis in 2008 showed that this was not the case, and that they in fact contain synthetic cannabinoids that act on the body in a similar way to cannabinoids naturally found in cannabis, such as THC. A large and complex variety of synthetic cannabinoids, most often cannabicyclohexanol, JWH-018, JWH-073, or HU-210, are used in an attempt to avoid the laws that make cannabis illegal, making synthetic cannabis a designer drug. It has been sold under various brand names, online, in head shops, and other stores.
It is often marketed as "herbal incense"; however, some brands market their products as "herbal smoking blends". In either case, the products are usually smoked by users. Although synthetic cannabis does not produce positive results in drug tests for cannabis, it is possible to detect its metabolites in human urine. The synthetic cannabinoids contained in synthetic cannabis products have been made illegal in many European countries.
Also known as: Aroma, Bad-to-the-Bone, Black Mamba, Blaze, Berry Blend, Bliss, Blueberry Haze, Bombay Blue, Dank, Dark Night, Demon Passion Smoke, Earthquake, Fire ‘n Ice, G-Force, Genie, Hawaiian Hybrid, K2 Blonde, K2 Standard, K2 Summit, Magma, Ninja, Ono Budz, Panama Red Ball, PEP Spice, Puff, Skunk, Sativah Herbal Smoke, Solar Flare, Spice, Spice Diamond, Spice Gold, The Moon, Ultra Chronic, Vodoo Spice, Yucatan Fire, Zombie World What is K2?
The new street drug K2 is a mixture of spices and herbs that has been treated with a synthetic cannabis. The active ingredient in K2 is JWH-014 (1-penthl=3=(1-naphtholyl)indole), also known as JWH-108. K2 looks like potpourri and it costs about $10 a gram. This new synthetic marijuana is sold in head shops and online for $30 to $40 per pack.
Cannabicyclohexanol (CCH, CP 47,497 dimethyloctyl homologue, (C8)-CP 47,497) is a cannabinoid receptor agonist drug, developed by Pfizer in 1979. On 19 January 2009, the University of Freiburg in Germany announced that an analog of CP 47,497 was the main active ingredient in the herbal incense product Spice, specifically the 1,1-dimethyloctyl homologue of CP 47,497, which is now known as cannabicyclohexanol. The 1,1-dimethyloctyl homologue of CP 47,497 is in fact several times more potent than the parent compound, which is somewhat unexpected as the 1,1-dimethylheptyl is the most potent substituent in classical cannabinoid compounds such as HU-210.